Reference Material

The Learning Center offers a complete, online library of FLC published references and white papers. Page through or download any of our online training publications for a detailed look at the federal T2 program.

Rapid advances in science and technology and renewed interest in technology transfer at the Federal level necessitate the continued study of DoD’s technology transfer programs.

The Green Book

Federal Technology Transfer Legislation and Policy, more commonly known as “The Green Book,” provides the principal statutory and executive branch policies that constitute the framework of the federal technology transfer program.

Download the epub version here.
Download the Amazon mobi version here.

To order your copy, please email requests to .

This white paper describes how the National Cancer Institute (NCI), in partnership with the Center for Advancing Innovation (CAI), used the Startup Challenge Model to create a challenge that successfully advanced a variety of breast cancer technologies from the discovery stage to commercialization. It also presents some best practices that the organizers learned through the process.

Developed by the John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, this primer aims to increase the effectiveness of T2 activity in transportation by describing how T2 practices can be successfully integrated into the research process to capture the potential real-world benefits of our community’s research investment.

This white paper describes and illuminates a successful technology transfer process, and some lessons learned, from the perspective of a principal investigator.


We get asked about the differences between lab designations so often, we reached out to experts on both sides to put them to paper.

"Federal Laboratory Designations: GOGOs, GOCOs, and FFRDCs…Oh My!" describes the basic differences and similarities among federal laboratory designations. It provides a quick overview of what it means to see a lab described as government-owned, government-operated (GOGO); government-owned, contractor-operated (GOCO); or as a federally funded research and development center (FFRDC).

This white paper provides a playbook of key “plays” drawn from best practices at federal laboratories across the country to share the efforts and authorities that are currently being utilized to improve the technology transfer process.

This white paper describes the basic differences and similarities among federal laboratory designations, namely government-owned, government-operated (GOGO) labs, government-owned, contractor-operated (GOCO) labs, and federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs).

This white paper provides general information for a better understanding of the various aspects of intellectual property protection in the United States, including effects of the America Invents Act.

The Federal Laboratory Consortium Technology Transfer Desk Reference presents a comprehensive introduction to technology transfer and technology transfer initiatives and mechanisms, as well as to the Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer (FLC).