Available Technology

Carbonated Cement for Production of Concrete with Improved Properties

Supporting CO2 Emissions Reduction in Cement Manufacturing
The NASA cement innovation describes a method to make solid carbon material from CO2 captured during the cement-making process, and for using that carbon material in the mixture to improve cement properties. Doing so provides a direct use for the captured CO2, eliminating any CO2 storage/disposal issues and providing an improved cement product. The innovation employs a chemical reaction, known as the Bosch process, which uses hydrogen gas and catalysis to reduce the CO2 to solid carbon and water. Cement manufacturing is uniquely suited to the use of the Bosch process. Cement manufacturing requires high temperatures, and harnessing this excess heat limits the total energy required to maintain a Bosch process at a cement plant. Also, cement contains iron, a metal shown to be an exceptional catalyst for the Bosch process. Thus, the cement product itself can be used as the catalyst for the reaction, also serving as a carbon sink. This eliminates any requirements for the storage or disposal of the waste carbon captured from CO2 emissions. Test evaluations at the bench scale have provided encouraging indications of enhanced mechanical properties for the carbon-containing cement materials. In particular, the findings suggest that the carbon in the concrete might delay the environmental breakdown of concrete due to the blocking effect of the carbon on harmful ions (e.g., chlorine).
Abstract: 
NASA&#39s Marshall Space Flight Center has developed a new cement composition and manufacturing method that enables carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions reduction in cement manufacturing while also providing a cement with improved performance capabilities. Building off of their expertise in life-support oxygen-control systems for spacecraft, the researchers have demonstrated a process whereby carbon is reduced to solid form from captured CO2 emissions, and becomes an inherent component of the cement product. The inventors, along with their collaborators at California State University-Chico, have demonstrated the technical viability of the innovation with laboratory testing that has indicated that, in addition to reduced CO2 emissions, cement compositions with enhanced properties can be attained. The inventors are pursuing opportunities to evaluate this innovation in actual cement-making applications.
Benefits: 

Provides an integrated systems approach to reducing CO<sub>2</sub> emissions from cement manufacturing with capture as well as storage/use in the cement product itself

applications: 

<b>Energy and manufacturing &#8211 </b> Cement manufacturing process with integrated carbon capture and storage

<b>Materials &#8211 </b> Novel cement material composition with improved properties

Reps: 
Patent Number: 
Internal Laboratory Ref #: 
MFS-TOPS-68
Patent Status: 
Patent Issue Date: 
May 1, 2016
Agency
NASA
Region
Southeast
State: 
Alabama
Lab Representatives
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