Available Technology

Isotachophoresis System Having Channels with Progressively Narrower Diameters and With Selectable Counter-Flow

BACKGROUND
Sample preparation is an important step required in many biological techniques such as PCR, gel-electrophoresis, DNA sequencing, etc. Accordingly, proper sample preparation, from simple to complex samples, is an important technique in the biomedical and research field. Some methods of sample separation include electrophoresis and isotachophoresis, however, these methods can be limited in resolving power by the dispersion of any aliquot of any individual species by diffusion of that species. Specifically, in the case of isotachophoresis, the diameter of the channel can affect sample separation. The following technology describes a method to fix the diameter issue associated with isotachophoresis.

DESCRIPTION
The invention developed by LLNL researchers proposes to use staged isotachophoresis to improve sample separation. One of the problems with isotachophoresis is that there is a tradeoff between the diameter of the separation column and the ability to isolate a species into a detectable band. For example, wider diameter channels run faster, but narrower channels provide better ability to isolate one species into a detectable band. This technology uses staged isotachophoresis in which larger-diameter channels flow into one or more sequential channels with a reduced diameter (Figure). Although the width of the interface between species remains fixed, by reducing the channel width, the deleterious effect of diffusion across the interface is reduced.

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ADVANTAGES

  • Eliminates the problem of tradeoff between the diameter of the separation column and the ability to isolate a species into a detectable band
  • Reduces the deleterious effect of diffusion across the interface
     

POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS

  • Sample purification and preparation for:
    • PCR
    • Gel-electrophoresis
    • DNA sequencing
    • Single cell sequencing
  • Biomedical field
  • Medical diagnosis
  • Sample characterization
     

DEVELOPMENT STATUS
LLNL has obtained a patent (US Patent 9,910,011) covering this technology (LLNL Internal Case # IL-12188)

E-mail
Vaishnav1@llnl.gov

 

 

Patent Number: 
US Patent 9,910,011
Internal Laboratory Ref #: 
IL - 12188
Lab Representatives
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