Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Agency/Department

FLC Region

Security Lab

No

Address

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
MS 90-1070
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

Laboratory Representative

Description

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has been a leader in science and engineering research for more than 70 years. Located on a 200-acre site in the hills above the University of California's Berkeley campus, adjacent to the San Francisco Bay, Berkeley Lab holds the distinction of being the oldest of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Laboratories. The Lab is managed by the University of California, operating with an annual budget of more than $500 million (FY2004) and a staff of about 3,800 employees, including more than 500 students. Berkeley Lab conducts unclassified research across a wide range of scientific disciplines with key efforts in fundamental studies of the universe; quantitative biology; nanoscience; new energy systems and environmental solutions; and the use of integrated computing as a tool for discovery. It is organized into 17 scientific divisions and hosts four DOE national user facilities.

Mission

LBL's role is to serve the nation and its scientific, educational, and business communities through research and development in the energy, life and general sciences, and to develop productive relationships between LBL research programs and industry.

Technology Disciplines

Technologies
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Acid-Degradeable and Bioerodible Materials JIB-2595
Active Cryogenic Electronic Envelope 2014-038
Active Microphonic Noise Cancellation in Radiation Detectors IB-2013-038
Active Modulators and Perfect Shielders Based on Adiabatic Elimination 2014-090
Adjustable NMR/MRI for Single-Sided Depth Volume Imaging JIB-2470
Advanced Penning Ion Source IB-3139
Air-stable Nanomaterials for Efficient OLEDs and Solar Cells IB-2044, IB-2231
Air-stable Nanomaterials for Efficient OLEDs and Solar Cells IB-2044, IB-2231
Air-stable Nanomaterials for Efficient OLEDs and Solar Cells IB-2044, IB-2231
Air-stable Nanomaterials for Efficient OLEDs and Solar Cells IB-2044, IB-2231

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Facilities
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88-inch Cyclotron
AC Test Chambers
Advanced Biofuels Processing Development Unit
Advanced Light Source (ALS)
Advanced  Façade Testbed
Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research (ARM)
Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) facility
Berkeley Low Background Counting Facility
Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology Program (BSISB)
Center for X-ray Optics (CXRO)

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Equipment

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Programs

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Funds

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Publications

No Publications

Successes

Widespread use of devices with electronic displays – from tablets and smartphones to laptops and high definition (HD) televisions – means increased energy usage. More energy efficient displays with uncompromised color accuracy and brightness are needed.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory discovered that quantum dot crystals of different sizes could be made to emit multiple colors of light. With further research, LBNL scientists learned to manipulate nanocrystals forming shapes with improved optical qualities. The technology opened new possibilities for companies developing brighter displays for HDTVs, smart phones and tablet computers while keeping a watchful eye on energy efficiency.

LBNL’s quantum dot technology portfolio, a breakthrough in nanoscience, was licensed by startup Nanosys Inc. for use in electronic displays. Nanosys then partnered with LG Innotek and 3M to develop a superior, energy efficient product. First announced in 2011, the company’s Quantum Dot Enhancement Film™ (QDEF) technology, an engineered sheet containing quantum dots, offers 50% wider color spectrum compared with a standard liquid crystal display (LCD). Yet, its price is comparable to LCDs without requiring additional power. QDEF is being demonstrated in new HDTVs at electronic shows worldwide and is the source of the Kindle Fire HDX7’s high color accuracy display. In 2014, Asus announced QDEF would be used in its new NX500 Notebook PC. Nanosys’ Milpitas, Calif. plant is capable of producing enough quantum dots to build five million big-screen TVs annually. Earlier this year, the company announced LMS Co., Ltd. as the second major supplier of optical films based on QDEF. LMS will use the technology for its new Quantum Light Accumulation Sheet (QLAS) to improve brightness and vibrancy for LCDs.

Seismic imaging data can locate hydrocarbon reservoirs under the ocean floor but cannot identify specifically if oil, gas, water or brine is stored in the reservoirs. Oil and gas companies risk significant losses—up to $100 million and six months of unrecoverable labor costs—if a drill is not successful. Locating and securing energy resources is also critical to meeting the nation’s energy independence goals.

Researchers in the Earth Sciences Division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory developed a technology, Electromagnetic Geological Mapper (EMGeo), to interpret seismic images alongside extremely large data sets of electromagnetic measurements and yield high resolution, 3D maps of deep water hydrocarbon reservoirs and their surrounding features.

EMGeo outperforms competitors and enables users analyze geophysical data and make critical decisions in-house, further lowering oil exploration costs. The LBNL researchers continue to add features based on user feedback. EMGeo has been licensed to 10 companies including some of the world’s largest oil and gas companies – Chevron, ConocoPhillips, ExxonMobil –and Rock Solid Images, a geosciences consulting firm, over the last five years. As a result, EMGeo has contributed to the energy security of the United States, reduced environmental degradation caused by unnecessary drilling, and saved valuable time and millions of dollars in energy exploration costs.

Commercial, industrial and residential buildings use nearly 40 percent of all energy, and over two-thirds of all electricity consumed, in the United States. Many energy efficient building materials, windows, lighting and HVAC choices are available for new construction and retrofits. However, the best selections, when integrated into a particular building project and location, can only be determined theoretically – not in practice.

The Facility for Low Energy Experiments in Buildings (FLEXLAB) was developed by the Environmental Energy Technologies Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory as a test-bed to research and develop cost effective, energy-saving building systems and technologies for both new construction and retrofits. Its features include a rotating test bed, for varying sun exposure, and interchangeable lighting, walls, and other architectural elements.

FLEXLAB was inaugurated in summer 2014. Building contract Webcor is utilizing FLEXLAB to plan a 250,000 square-foot building to serve as biotech company Genentech’s new South San Francisco headquarters. Bay Area utility PG&E has signed an agreement to test whole building energy efficiency technologies to develop future incentive programs. Agreements with other industry partners – from the fields of architecture and design, utilities, regional energy and trade organizations, and energy efficient technology manufacturers – are in development.

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Licenses

No Licenses