Available Technology

Secure communication using array transmitter

The radio transmission circuit comprises 16 antenna elements in a broadside array. A carrier wave is routed to the 16 elements and the phase to each element is adjusted to direct the transmitted wavefront toward a selected receive point. Prior to transmission, however, the carrier to each element is independently modulated by a two-state (0/pi) phase shifter. Each of the 16 carriers is modulated with the first 16 orthogonal Walsh waveforms (a digital counterpart of the Fourier Transform). The output power levels at all antennas are equal, only the phase of the RF carriers change. Depending upon the sign conditions (inverted or noninverted) for the various 16 modulation waveforms, a pulse position modulation (PPM) signal is transmitted in which the pulse can occupy one of 16 time positions. This PPM signal will be received clearly at the intended location, however, at other locations, approximately a degree or more to the side of the transmitted direction, the signal will become garbled due to the improper phase relation of the 16 signals arriving at those locations.This circuit is unique in that signals transmitted by broad side array elements are modulated using two-state (0/pi) phase shifters controlled by orthogonal Walsh elements. The Walsh elements are selectively inverted or noninverted in such a manner as to generate a PPM data signal along the intended direction of reception, and produce garbled data to receivers off the signal beam.

Dale A. Leavy, Carl M. Elam

Patent Number: 
Patent Issue Date: 
September 14, 2001
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