Available Technology

Solid-State Ultracapacitor for Improved Energy Storage

Novel, solid-state, dielectric material greatly enhances capacitor performance
NASAs solid-state ultracapacitor technology is based on the novel materials design and processes used to make the IBLC-type ultracapacitor. The IBLC concept is known to provide outstanding capacitance behavior but has been difficult to reproduce. NASA has developed a careful process to produce dielectric materials to be used in printed electronic applications with reproducibility. An individual cell is created by building electrodes on each side of the dielectric layer, and complete modules can be constructed by stacking multiple cells. Closely related NASA innovations on dielectric and conductive ink (electrode) formulations are key to the ultracapacitor construct, and are included in the technology package. Target performance criteria of this technology include the following: &#8226 Use of standard materials and processing methods &#8226 Robust, solid-state device with no liquid electrolytes &#8226 High-energy densitytarget energy densities of 60 J/cc at a minimum operating voltage of 50 V &#8226 High dielectric breakdown strength (> 25 MV/m) &#8226 Excellent pulse-power performance; rapid discharge and charge &#8226 Reliable performance under repeated cycling (> 500,000 cycles) Additional development work is underway to build and test complete capacitor modules and further improve material properties and performance.
Patent Abstract: 
NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center has developed a solid-state ultracapacitor using a novel nanocomposite dielectric material. The dielectric material offers high capacitance and breakdown voltage in a robust design, thereby minimizing risks associated with liquid electrolytes used in conventional ultracapacitor designs. Processing methods developed by NASA provide unique dielectric properties at the microstructural level. Nanoscale raw materials are tailored using advance nanocoating techniques, and then blended into coating formulations. These formulations are used to coat/print capacitor layer structures per design requirements. The innovation is intended to replace range-safety batteries that NASA uses to power systems that destroy off-course rockets. A solid-state design provides the needed robustness and safety for this demanding application. Other applications where ultracapacitors are used may benefit as well.
Benefits 

<b>Improved safety and robustness:</b>
&#8226 The solid-state design eliminates liquid/gel electrolytes that can explode in extreme thermal conditions.
&#8226 The nonpolar design leads to lower failure rates and easier implementation.

applications 

Aerospace: space power and propulsion systems

Transportation: regenerative braking systems for cars, trucks, buses, and trains; batteries for hybrid and electric cars, as well as fuel cellpowered vehicles

Energy: smart grid and renewable energy

Defense: backup power supplies, laser weapons, and railguns

Health: medical devices

Reps: 
Patent Number: 
Internal Laboratory Ref #: 
MFS-TOPS-76
Patent Status: 
Patent Issue Date: 
March 17, 2017
Agency
NASA
Region
Southeast
State: 
Alabama
Phone: 
256-544-9151
Email: 
terry.taylor@nasa.gov
Lab Representatives
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